Author: Hayley van der Haar It is crucial for teachers of language and literacy to understand the difference between phonological awareness and phonemic awareness. Phonemic awareness is a subset of phonological awareness in which listeners are able to hear, identify and manipulate phonemes which are the smallest units of sound that can differentiate meaning. Phonemic awareness is the ability…

Authors: Annemarie Fritz-Stratmann, Antje Ehlert and Gabriele Klüsener  The authors of this article argue that it is important for pre-service teachers to know about the psychology of learning mathematics (i.e. how children develop concepts) in order for them to be able to help children who encounter problems. Therefore, this article explores how a remedial programme,…

Author: Dr. Sarita Ramsaroop and Professor Nadine Petersen Department of Childhood Education Faculty of Education University of Johannesburg Lesson planning lies at the heart of effective teaching and managing one’s classroom. Walking into a classroom without a plan of what will be taught (subject matter knowledge or content) and how it will be taught (pedagogical…